A history of wal mart

Environmental initiatives[ edit ] In NovemberWalmart announced several environmental measures to increase energy efficiency and improve its overall environmental record, which had previously been lacking. Walmart created its own electric company in Texas, Texas Retail Energy, planned to supply its stores with cheap power purchased at wholesale prices.

A history of wal mart

Like any retailer, Walton was always looking for deals from suppliers. Typically, though, a retailer who managed to get a bargain from a wholesaler would leave his store prices unchanged and pocket the extra money. Walton, by contrast, realized he could do better by passing on the savings to his customers and earning his profits through volume.

The quest for low prices came naturally to Walton: He was freakishly cheap. Cost-cutting was, as one might also expect, an obsession in the Wal-Mart culture, and Walton was almost as chintzy with his executives as he was with his cashiers.

On business trips, everyone, including the boss, flew coach, and hotel rooms were always shared. Even a cup of coffee at the office required a cent contribution to the tin. But coffee taxes only went so far.

Walton understood that a major requirement for keeping costs down was controlling the payroll. Unions were particularly feared, and Walton did everything he could to fight them, almost always successfully.

In part, it was because Walton framed his cheapness as a crusade on behalf of the lowly consumer and as a quest for a better life for all Americans. It was also because he lived an outwardly modest life, driving an old truck with his hunting dogs in the back.

Mostly, it was because he had charisma. This may have compromised the bottom line in the short term, but Walton understood the long-term benefit of convincing employees and customers that the company had a conscience as well as a calculator.

He also made sure to give his staff a stake in the company. Inhe introduced a profit-sharing plan that allowed employees to put a certain percentage of their wages towards the purchase of subsidized Wal-Mart stock.

For employees who stuck around, this could mean quite a bit of money. Here, from Fortune, is a portrait of Walton at a Saturday-morning meeting in And things could get downright cultish: Technology, in particular, put the company ahead of its competitors.

Already by the s, Wal-Mart was using computers to link its stores and warehouses. Sales data allowed Wal-Mart to keep track of specific items and reduce inventory miscalculations.

A history of wal mart

Only years later would Kmart realize how far it had fallen behind. When Walton died inthe adjustment to a post-Sam environment proved difficult.Wal-Mart: Wal-Mart, American operator of discount stores, one of the world’s biggest retailers.

Its headquarters are in Bentonville, Ark. Wal-Mart was founded by Sam Walton in Rogers, Ark. (), and focused its early growth in rural areas, thereby avoiding direct competition with retailing giants such as.


A Brief History of Walmart. Wal-Mart’s new leaders took to heart one element of the founder’s business philosophy — the importance of reducing costs — but they didn’t show his intuition about the importance of making employees feel as though they had a stake in the company.

They were already at a disadvantage as it was. Wal-Mart Stores History Sam Walton founded Walmart in He was a businessman who started working in retail in at a J.C. Penney store in Des Moines, Iowa.

In , he ran a retail store in Newport, Arkansas, part of a chain of variety stores named Ben Franklin. Our History Since the first Walmart store opened in in Rogers, Arkansas, we've been dedicated to making a difference in the lives of our customers.

Our business is the result of Sam Walton's visionary leadership, along with generations of associates focused on helping customers and communities save money and live better. History and Facts about Wal-Mart Walmart is the largest private employer in the world with over stores in 15 countries.

Here is a brief history, along with some interesting facts about the .

A history of wal mart

Walmart Inc. (formerly Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.) is an American multinational retail corporation that operates a chain of hypermarkets, discount department stores, and grocery stores.

Headquartered in Bentonville, Arkansas, the company was founded by Sam Walton in and incorporated on October 31, It also owns and operates Sam's Club retail warehouses.

History of Walmart - Wikipedia