Guidelines for the assessment and professional intervention with terror victims in the hospital and in the community. EMDR is one of only three methods recommended for treatment of terror victims. Trauma Treatment for Children. Update of empirically validated therapies, II.
Previous research in the field has suggested that the majority of consultations conducted by sport psychologists are related to anxiety. Included is a discussion on the theoretical underpinnings of anxiety and how it relates to performance.
Research conducted on the relationship between anxiety and performance is also discussed. A review of the cognitive-behavioral treatments that have been used for anxiety reduction and performance enhancement within the field of athletics is included. Suggestions for future research and practical considerations are listed in the conclusion.
Researchers have reported that over 50 of consultations among athletes at an Olympic festival were related to stress or anxiety related problems Murphy, A great deal of research has been conducted examining the relationship between anxiety and performance within the field of athletics.
This paper will review the relevant research from a cognitive-behavioral perspective. Included is a discussion of the research findings of the relationship between the two constructs. In addition, the research that has examined the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral treatments is also discussed.
Although a great deal of information has been generated, the results are limited due problems in the terminology used by researchers. Therefore, it is important to first examine the conceptualization of anxiety.
Theoretical Constructs of Anxiety Previous research conducted relating to anxiety and performance in athletics has been difficult to synthesize for a variety of reasons including methodological flaws such as a lack of clear operational definitions and a clear theoretical construct.
This section will establish operational definitions for the terms that will be used throughout the rest of this paper. In addition, it will provide an overview of the theories that have been used by researchers who have attempted to clarify the relationship between anxiety and performance in athletics.
The main problem that research on the relationship between anxiety and performance has encountered is that researchers have not adequately operationally defined the construct of anxiety.
Instead, terms such as stress, anxiety, arousal and activation have been used interchangeably. For the purposes of this paper the following operational definitions will be used for the terms anxiety and stress.
Stress is a state that results form the demands that are placed on the individual which require that person to engage in some coping behavior Jones, Arousal can be considered to be a signal to the individual that he or she has entered a stressful state and is characterized by physiological signs Hardy et al.
Anxiety results when the individual doubts his or her ability to cope with the situation that causes him or her stress Hardy et al. Another important point that needs to be clarified is the difference between state and trait anxiety Spielberger, While state anxiety can be considered to be more situational in nature and is often associated with arousal of the autonomic nervous system, trait anxiety can be thought of as a world view that an individual uses when coping with situations in his or her environment Spielberger, Trait anxiety influences performances in that individuals with high trait anxiety will attend more to information related to state anxiety Hardy et al.In today's managed-care environment, therapeutic techniques must be proven to be effective to be reimbursable.
This comprehensive volume is written by leaders in the field and collects classic and emerging evidence-based and cognitive behavioral therapy treatments therapists can use when working with children and adolescents.
Cognitive-behavioral theories are best conceptualized as a general category of theories, or a set of related theories, which have evolved from the theoretical writings, clinical experiences, and empirical studies of behavioral and cognitively oriented psychologists.
Behavioral economics studies the effects of psychological, cognitive, emotional, cultural and social factors on the economic decisions of individuals and institutions and how those decisions vary from those implied by classical theory.. Behavioral economics is primarily concerned with the bounds of rationality of economic agents.
Behavioral models typically integrate insights from psychology. Revised 8/ OVERVIEW OF THEORIES OF HUMAN BEHAVIOR & THE SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT APPLICATIONS TO SOCIAL WORK GENERALIST PRACTICE The following is a very general outline summarizing the theories covered in the NCSSS foundation classes of SSS.
This list of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy techniques is far from exhaustive but will give you a good idea of the variety of techniques that are used in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. If you're. cognitive-behavioral therapies in health care settings.
Our mentors and Session 3 Begin/Continue Intervention Techniques Technique Modules Session 4 Continue Intervention Techniques. Re-assessGoals/Treatment Plan. Technique Modules Module 4: Case Conceptualization.