With the vast numbers of tanks, soldiers and natural barriers it was thought that the soviet union, if it wished, could come pouring through its border and overwhelm the western NATO allies. President Eisenhower's administration recognized this threat and moved to counter it by bolstering the american presence in Germany and increasing defense spending on long range bombers and intercontinental ballistic missiles ICBMs added to this the sub surface submarine fleet armed with medium range nuclear missiles that these submarines classified as SSBN's Submarine Strategic Ballistic missile Nuclear powered This was known as the three pronged deterrent.
Visit Website Did you know? Edgar Hoover was quick to equate any kind of protest with communist subversion, including the civil rights demonstrations led by Martin Luther King Jr. Hoover labeled King a communist and covertly worked to intimidate and discredit the civil rights leader.
Visit Website Such ideas were not totally unfounded. As apprehension about Soviet influence grew as the Cold War heated up, U. On March 21,President Harry S. Truman issued Executive Orderalso known as the Loyalty Order, which mandated that all federal employees be analyzed to determine whether they were sufficiently loyal to the government.
Yet it was only one of many questionable activities that occurred during the period of anticommunist hysteria known as the Red Scare. Probing Red Influence One of the pioneering efforts to investigate communist activities took place in the U.
Under pressure from the negative publicity aimed at their studios, movie executives created blacklists that barred suspected radicals from employment; similar lists were also established in other industries.
Another congressional investigator, U. McCarthy of Wisconsinbecame the person most closely associated with the anticommunist crusade—and with its excesses. McCarthy used hearsay and intimidation to establish himself as a powerful and feared figure in American politics. He leveled charges of disloyalty at celebrities, intellectuals and anyone who disagreed with his political views, costing many of his victims their reputations and jobs.
The FBI and its longtime director, J. Edgar Hooveraided many of the legislative investigations of communist activities. An ardent anticommunist, Hoover had been a key player in an earlier, though less pervasive, Red Scare in the years following World War I The information obtained by the FBI proved essential in high-profile legal cases, including the conviction of 12 prominent leaders of the American Communist Party on charges that they had advocated the overthrow of the government.
Hysteria and Growing Conservatism Public concerns about communism were heightened by international events. Inthe Soviet Union successfully tested a nuclear bomb and communist forces led by Mao Zedong took control of China. The following year saw the start of the Korean Warwhich engaged U.
The advances of communism around the world convinced many U. Figures such as McCarthy and Hoover fanned the flames of fear by wildly exaggerating that possibility.
As the Red Scare intensified, its political climate turned increasingly conservative.
Elected officials from both major parties sought to portray themselves as staunch anticommunists, and few people dared to criticize the questionable tactics used to persecute suspected radicals. Membership in leftist groups dropped as it became clear that such associations could lead to serious consequences, and dissenting voices from the left side of the political spectrum fell silent on a range of important issues.
In judicial affairs, for example, support for free speech and other civil liberties eroded significantly. This trend was symbolized by the U. Supreme Court ruling in Dennis v. United States, which said that the free-speech rights of accused Communists could be restricted because their actions presented a clear and present danger to the government.
Americans also felt the effects of the Red Scare on a personal level, and thousands of alleged communist sympathizers saw their lives disrupted. They were hounded by law enforcement, alienated from friends and family and fired from their jobs.What were the Cold War fears of the American people in the aftermath of the Second World War?
How successfully did the administration of President Dwight D. Eisenhower address these fears? Use the documents and your knowledge of the years – to construct your response.
Many results of the Cold War came that the American people feared in the aftermath of the Second World War according to Eisenhower in a press conference in The American public feared the Soviets for many reasons.
The American people had a number of Cold War fears in the aftermath of the Second World War, which were not successfully addressed by the administration of Dwight D. Eisenhower. One major fear was for the American economy. Americans also feared communism spreading, especially into the United States%(2).
REGENTS IN GLOBAL HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY. 1 • Height above sea level • Distance from the equator • Amount of rainfall • Average daily temperature War. (3) The Japanese people wanted to spread the beliefs of Shinto.
(4) Japan needed raw materials for industriali-zation. Cold War DBQ- Scoring Guidelines - Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free. Scoring Guidelines for AP US History Exam DBQ: What were the Cold War Fears of the American People in the Aftermath of the Second World War?1/5(1).
Apr 12, · What were the Cold War fears of the American people in the aftermath of the Second World War?
How successfully did the administration of President Dwight D.
Eisenhower address these fears? Use the documents and your knowledge of the years to construct your monstermanfilm.com: Resolved.