The significance of these hormones in the earliest phases of wound healing and tissue repair recently has been elucidated. Testosterone and growth hormone play key roles in regulating cell functions, from stimulating protein production a slow process called genomic effects to altering cell functions in time periods ranging from a second or two to a couple of minutes called non-genomic effects.
Most physicians practicing musculoskeletal medicine appreciate the importance of testosterone and growth hormone in health and wellness. The significance of these hormones in the earliest phases of wound healing and tissue repair recently has been elucidated. AO1 = 4 marks Outline of one biological therapy for schizophrenia AO1 credit is awarded for an outline of one biological therapy which is suitable for schizophrenia. The most likely therapy to be described is the use of antipsychotic drugs, which work by blocking d2 (dopamine) receptors. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government.
How to Write a Summary of an Article? Outline and Evaluate One Biological Therapy for Schizophrenia The main form of biological therapy for schizophrenia is drug therapy.
Some drugs are more effective at reducing the positive symptoms such as delusions and hallucination than negative symptoms such as lack of motivation and social withdrawal. There are two main categories of drugs, neuroleptic drugs and atypical drugs. These drugs block the activity of the neurotransmitter dopamine within 48 hours and their effect on dopamine are believed to be very important in therapy.
However it takes several weeks of drug therapy before schizophrenic symptoms show substantial reduction.
These drugs are more effective in reducing positive symptoms than negative symptoms. This is supported by Birchwood and Jackson whose conclusion was the same.
These drugs appear to be a more effective treatment for schizophrenia than any of the other approaches used alone. Comer Researches have shown that patients can get independent to drugs which means they might not be able to stop taking them otherwise they might have to face serious problems.
Neuroleptic drugs also have side effects. These symptoms include involuntary sucking and chewing and writhing movements of the mouth or face. Atypical antipsychotic drugs such as clozapine also combat positive symptoms of schizophrenia but there are claims that they also have beneficial effects on negative symptoms as well.
These antipsychotics also act on the dopamine system but are thought to block serotonin receptors in the brain as well. They help by only temporarily occupying the dopamine receptors and then rapidly dissociating to allow normal dopamine transmission.
Atypical drugs have several advantages over neuroleptic drugs. Firstly they have fewer side effects than neuroleptic drugs. However, the atypical drugs can produce serious side effects. This involves reduction in white blood cells, and the condition can be life threatening.
Although the use of antipsychotic drugs is crucial in the treatment of schizophrenia, many people do not experience the benefits they offer, normally due to their side effects. As a result, additional psychological treatments are used.
The cognitive behavioural therapy CBT follows the assumption that people often have distorted beliefs which influence their behaviour in maladaptive ways. In this therapy, patients are encouraged to trace back the origins of their symptoms in order to get a better idea of how the symptoms might have developed.
As well as this, they are also encouraged to evaluate the content of their delusions to consider ways in which they might test the validity of their faulty beliefs. Next the patients would be given behavioural assignments with the aim of improving their general level of functioning.
Researches over time suggest that CBT has a significant effect on improving the symptoms of patients with schizophrenia, however the majority of studies of the effectiveness of CBT have used schizophrenics who are also taking antipsychotic drugs. This leaves the question, how much of the improvement is due to CBT alone?
Also, CBT for schizophrenia works by trying to generate less distressing explanations of psychotic experiences, rather than trying to eliminate them completely. The negative symptoms shown by a schizophrenic may well serve a useful function for the person and so can be understood as safety behaviours and could cause potential damage.Jun 14, · Outline and evaluate one biological explanation for OCD (4 A01 +8 A02) June – Outline one biological therapy for OCD (4) Discuss two or more biological .
Freud’s hypothesis about the origin of transference was based on the assumption that each individual, through the combined operation of innate disposition and influences brought to bear during early years, acquired a somewhat fixed method or set of methods of living which were evident in all relationships.
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators.
Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Numerous risk factors for breast cancer have been well established, including age, mammographic density, nulliparity or late age at first birth, early menarche, late menopause, and use of hormonal replacement therapy.
Jude clinical trials emphasize the innovative and collaborative research between our doctors and scientists, who work together to find cures for children. Children who are referred for a clinical trial at St. Jude will receive leading therapies, including standard and investigational treatments.
Jun 14, · One biological therapy for OCD would be chemotherapy. Two drugs used are types of antidepressants: Tricyclics and SSRIs. SSRIs block serotonin receptors so there can be a funnel effect so that only key serotonin receptors get serotonin rather than loads of receptors getting very little.