Multimedia Step back in time to an era of flappers and suffragists, bootleggers and temperance workers, and real-life legends like Al Capone and Carrie Nation.
Travel The rapidly growing automobile industry led by Henry Ford and the Ford Motor Company produced new and better models every year to supply the insatiable public demand. Increased wages and lower cost vehicles made possible through mass production meant that cars became increasingly affordable, although 3 out of 4 cars were bought on installment plans.
In local governments supplied 96 per cent. In the State governments supplied about 37 per cent. While horse-drawn traffic prevailed, roads were a matter for local administration, but the ability of the motorcar to travel long distances brought the question of road maintenance into a larger jurisdiction.
The funding problem for building and maintaining roads suitable for motor cars was largely solved by the introduction of a tax on gas.
By the end of all the states had introduced a gas tax varying from two to five cents per gallon that raised millions of dollars per year. Roads including wooden roads had to be redesigned and rebuilt to accomodate the automobile, new road rules had to be introduced, standardized road signs erected, and methods of controlling traffic like traffic lights implemented in densely populated areas.
The National Research Council's highway research board conducted a series of tests to find out the effect different road surfaces had on automobile tires in order to decide what type of roads were best suited for the proposed national highway system.
Concrete or brick roads caused a one ounce loss of rubber on a mile trip.
Gravel roads caused 2 to 7 times more wear, and macadam, 10 to 50 times more wear. Vehicles on concrete roads also used significantly less gasoline.
Vehicles required much higher road clearances than modern cars due to the poor state of roads and tracks, hence the large diameter skinny tires of the day which were effective at cutting through mud to reach more solid ground.
The car enabled people to travel much further afield than foot or horse had permitted. Sunday drives to country areas and touring vacations became popular, but motorists had to plan carefully as there were often long distances between petrol stations and breakdowns were fairly common.
Tourist parks Motels and other facilities sprang up to service the needs of travelling motorists. Service station chains cashed in on the trend by supplying maps that highlighted their business locations, and then sold travellers food and drink as well as petrol and oil.
New makes of cars proliferated - from the low cost Model T Ford through to the expensive Duesenberg and even more expensive Rolls Royce.
Most of the carmakers no longer exist or have been amalgamated but many of the old car names like BuickCadillac, ChevroletDodgeFiat, Ford, Lincoln, and Oldsmobile live on today. One of the biggest motoring events of was the release of the "new Ford", the Model Awhich replaced the long-standing Model T after 18 years of production.
Most of the early cars were open tourers convertibles but it didn't take long before they were enclosed and fitted with car heaters to improve passenger comfort. Companies that had formerly produced horse drawn vehicles became vehicle manufacturers or built bodies on chassis produced by others.
Many of the automotive innovations that we think of as being modern were in fact introduced in the 's. Car advertisements became more sophisticated as psychology was employed by copywriters.
Previously, ads had focused on specifications, engine horsepower, and features - but the late 's ushered in the style of advertising that appealed to people's emotions rather than intellect. Automobile manufacturers also targeted women drivers by advertising in women's magazines and by making cars more appealing to women.
They did this by increasing the range of colors, improving the quality and style of upholstery and interior linings, and by making cars easier to drive and maintain. Many of the car paint colors and color schemes were based on English horse-drawn coach livery, and even chauffeur driven car designs resembled horse-drawn coaches.
Never before had cars been so colorful and attractive, with flowing curves and rakish lines. Bright paint colors and dual tone color schemes were features of many s cars - with the exception of Fords which for many years only came in black.
Vehicle comfort levels improved with the introduction of heaters, balloon tires, and improved suspensions including better shock absorbers.Calvin Coolidge (), the 30th U.S.
president, led the nation through most of the Roaring Twenties, a decade of dynamic social and cultural change, materialism and excess. He took office on. The / Palmer Raids were the most extreme culmination of actions during the "First Red Scare" which took place between about to the middle of the year.
Below we have included a more detailed timeline with events contributing to and surrounding this moment in history. 1. Author and professor Evelyn Brooks Higginbotham is credited with first articulating it; it appears in her book Righteous Discontent: The Women’s Movement in the Black Baptist Church, Though respectability talk has been employed by many black mayors over the past decades to address declining black educational achievement and criminality, its use by nationally recognized black entertainers, journalists, community leaders, and politicians—a diverse group that includes comedians Bill Cosby and Chris Rock, CNN .
The Great Southern Babylon: Sex, Race, and Respectability in New Orleans, [Alecia P. Long] on monstermanfilm.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. With a well-earned reputation for tolerance of both prostitution and miscegenation, New Orleans became known as the Great Southern Babylon in antebellum times.
Following the Civil WarReviews: 7. It was not necessary for women to remain with "respectability"; women could smoke, drink, dance, wear seductive clothes and makeup and go to parties Attendance more than doubled during the 's; schools began to give instructions in modern skills not only traditional disciplines; engineering, management, economics within a year, it.