Socrates then addresses those who voted to acquit him, to reconcile themselves to his fate. He remarks that the divine voice that often warns him against harmful actions has remained silent throughout the trial and throughout his own speech. From this he concludes that perhaps death is a blessing, since his sign would have opposed him unless his actions were to bring about a good result.
Mark has an interesting story to tell — he was a priest, who then left Christianity and found an alternative in Greek philosophy particularly Plato and depth psychology.
As for me, I was never a Christian, but found a form of practical spirituality in ancient philosophy. Here are some initial thoughts, please chime in with your own thoughts too. We should also note that the Stoics were monotheists — they followed Heraclitus in believing in one Logos.
In this they can be compared to the evolving monotheism of Judaism, particularly that of Moses around two centuries earlier. Later Christians would draw on the Stoic concept of the Logos, particularly in the marvelous opening to the Gospel of St John. I wonder if one could argue that Stoicism is in some ways more monotheistic than Christianity, in that there is no opposing Enemy, no angels and demons, and no Trinity?
There is just the Logos. Anyway, back to this idea of giving up your will and serving the Logos. O God, without you nothing comes to be on earth, neither in the region of the heavenly poles, nor in the sea, except what evil men do in their folly.
But you know how to make extraordinary things suitable, and how to bring order forth from chaos; and even that which is unlovely is lovely to you. For thus you have joined all things, the good with the bad, into one, so that the eternal Word of all came to be one.
But they are senselessly driven to one evil after another: They do these foolish things, time and again, and are swept along, eagerly defeating all they really wish for. O Zeus, giver of all, shrouded in dark clouds and holding the vivid bright lightning, rescue men from painful ignorance.
Scatter that ignorance far from their hearts. Who or what are you serving?
Another important idea in both Stoicism and Christianity is the question of what is the most important thing in your life. What do you serve? What is your god or master?
Because everything will follow from that. If you make money your god, then you will have to dance to that tune, and bend and twist in accordance with your master. One of the things I think I have been searching for in life is something or someone to serve.
And in a way, my career initially involved serving a succession of bad masters. I have been trying, not entirely successfully, to switch from serving the outer master of public approval, to serving what Epictetus calls the God Within, what Jesus calls the Kingdom.
Because that is a master worthy of service. That involves a switch in the centre of your self, an an evolution from a self based on appearances looking good to others to a self rooted in service to God. The idea of askesis is still strong in Orthodox Christianity, which in general seems to me much closer to Greek philosophy, while modern Evangelicalism seems to have thrown that entire tradition out in favour of loud and slightly soupy declarations of love for Jesus.We will write a custom essay sample on Socrates on Oratory, Desire, Power, and Good in Gorgias ae specifically for you for only $ $/page Order now.
An acrostic stanza is a poem in which letters from each line form a word that can be read vertically on the page. Notice how Emerson consistently reinforces his main argument; here he supports it with the idea that humans have only their nature, no matter how they act it will never change.
In Socrates’ discussions, he argues that the soul is immortal and that there is an afterlife for our souls following our deaths. This is one of the main themes in the Phaedo. Socrates provides four different arguments for the soul’s immortality.
Socrates view on the Afterlife: Betty Mingus PHI/ August 15, Lou Sirard Socrates view on the Afterlife: The view in which Socrates believes in regards to the afterlife is not much different than those of society today. Socrates believed that the soul is immortal and there is an afterlife (David 35).
Based on his crime, Socrates had the option of going into exile or drinking a poisonous hemlock. Socrates believed that his soul would live forever; therefore, he stayed true to his.